The Republic of Rwanda’s 2015 Constitution and several international treaties explicitly provide that everyone has the right to social protection (SP).

The country’s National Social Protection Policy of 2020 is based on the life cycle approach and reaffirms Rwanda's commitment to the progressive development of an inclusive and comprehensive social protection system based on the principles of inclusive growth, self-reliance, citizen participation, service delivery excellence,
and national solidarity. Social protection continues to play a significant role in the country’s progress toward reducing extreme poverty.

These ambitions are consistent with the provisions of the SDGs, AU agenda 2063, as well as Rwanda’s goal of becoming a middle-income nation by the end of the National Strategy for Transformation 2017-2024 (NST1).

The transformation plan for Rwanda's Social Protection sector policy is based on four pillars: social security, social care services, short-term social assistance, and livelihood and employment support. The policy aims to break the cycle of intergenerational poverty, contribute to the reduction of extreme poverty and promote human capital development as the cornerstone for long-term prosperity.

It is critical that Rwanda's Social Protection sector continuously adapts to the changing socio-economic contexts, changes in the policy contexts, and emerging shocks and climate adaptations -guided by the evidence generated from various social protection interventions.
That said, there are still opportunities for Rwanda (as for many African countries) to strengthen its social protection systems, improve coordination, build SP capacities, expand coverage of existing programmes, invest in new innovative social protection interventions, and accelerate the integration of technology within the sector.
We are keen to support the growth of the country’s SP sector and contribute to the body of evidence that would inform programme design, better systems, institutional capacities, data management, sustainable financing, and program integration.